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Thesis Statement And Topic Sentence Powerpoint 5th

Presentation on theme: "Thesis Statements! And Topic sentences."— Presentation transcript:

1 Thesis Statements!And Topic sentences

2 Thesis DON’TsAvoid starting with “I think,” “I believe,” etc. Thesis statements are always your thoughts. In fact, avoid these phrases throughout your essay. YOU are the one writing; obviously “you think” or “you believe” or “you feel” what you are writing!Don’t just state a fact. A thesis statement is something you must argue or prove (which you will do in the rest of your essay).

3 A good thesis is limited.
Minneapolis is a wonderful place to live because of the art, athletic, and academic opportunities available there.VS.Minneapolis is a wonderful place to live.

4 Another thesis example…
Springfield’s football team is good.VS.Good coaches make Springfield’s football team quick, smart, and talented.

5 A strong thesis is concise.
Sleepy Eye’s football team needs to make several changes in order to be competitive.VS.Sleepy Eye’s football team could be more competitive if it would pass more effectively, run faster, and think on the go.

6 A strong thesis is specific.
That essay was very good.VS.That essay was very good because it had solid mechanics, detailed description, and clear ideas.

7 A good thesis is not simply a statement of fact.
My favorite place, Birch Lake, is ideal for water sports.VS.My favorite place, Birch Lake, is ideal for water sports because the water is warm, smooth, and not very busy.

8 Thesis Statement Checklist:
A successful thesis:Gives you something to prove, back up, or developSums up what you are going to sayIs neither too broad nor too narrow for the scope of the assignmentDoes more than state a well-known fact (argument)Establishes a contract between you and your readers.Your readers can expect that you’ll support your thesis convincingly and interestingly and that you will not be bothering them with extraneous information.

9 Your turn! Fix these thesis statements.
Mr. and Mrs. Brown are two teachers who are married in this school.An examination of the benefits of college is needed.In this essay I am going to talk about the problems faced by students in a high school setting.Have you ever wondered why high school students do their work so much more slowly than they need to?Disrespect is a serious problem in today’s world.

10 Now add to these statements to make them into viable thesis statements.
Choose one of these to add to:1. Three important life lessons I have learned...2. My favorite hobbies include…Now choose one of these:3. Wang-Lung is a contemptuous character because…4. In The Good Earth, Pearl S. Buck makes important insights regarding…

11 Now add to these statements to make them into viable thesis statements.
Athletes should (not) be given scholarships…Roe vs. Wade should (not) be overturned…The death penalty is (not) a just way of dealing with criminals…We (do not) need same-sex marriage laws because…

12 Now write your own thesis from these sets of words.
1. College Issues2. Marriage Positive3. Homework Valuable

13 ___________________ clearly affects the United States government, culture, and economy. OR ________________ is affected by the United States government, culture, and economy.Example: Pearl Harbor clearly affected the United States government, culture, and economy.

14 Topic SentencesA topic sentence must be a complete sentence, not a fragment.A topic sentence is usually a direct statement, not a question.The subject of the topic sentence is usually the subject idea of the paragraph.The verb and complement of the topic sentence usually show the focus of the paragraph.The focus part of the topic sentences usually presents a judgment or attitude about the subject.

15 Make sure that you are using transitions between paragraphs and ideas as well.
also, again, as well as, besides, coupled with, furthermore, in addition, likewise, moreover, similarly, accordingly, as a result, consequently, for this reason, for this purpose, hence, otherwise, so then, subsequently, therefore, thus, thereupon, wherefore, as a rule, as usual, for the most part, generally, generally speaking, ordinarily, usually, chiefly, especially, for instance, in particular, markedly, namely, particularly,  including, specifically, such as, for example, for instance, for one thing, as an illustration, illustrated with, as an example, in this case, above all, chiefly, with attention to, especially, particularly, singularly, comparatively, coupled with, correspondingly, identically, likewise, similar, moreover, together with, in essence, in other words, namely, that is, that is to say, in short, in brief, to put it differently, contrast, by the same token, conversely, instead, likewise, on one hand, on the other hand, on the contrary, rather, similarly, yet, but, however, still, nevertheless, in contrast, at first, first of all, to begin with, in the first place, at the same time, for now, for the time being, the next step, in time, in turn, later on, meanwhile, next, then, soon, the meantime, later, while, earlier, simultaneously, afterward, in conclusion, with this in mind, after all, all in all, all things considered, briefly, by and large, in any case, in any event, in brief, in conclusion, on the whole, in short, in summary, in the final analysis, in the long run, on balance, to sum up, to summarize, finally, by the way, incidentally, here, there, over there, beyond, nearly, opposite, under, above, to the left, to the right, in the distance

16 IntroductionYour introduction should hook your reader, present your main ideas, and include an effective thesis statement that can be supported.Important: HOOK your readers! Tell them something interesting that is going to make them immediately interested in your topic.Ex: How many times does Wang-Lung belittle his wife, O-lan, in his words and actions? How often does he forget his wife because of his own selfishness and desire?

17 ConclusionAn effective conclusion summarizes your main points in your essay and leaves your reader on a satisfied note.While you do not want to explicitly re-state your thesis statement (i.e. don’t copy and paste from your introduction), you should again mention your main points in your conclusion.

18 Questions? Thesis statement Topic sentences Transitions Introduction

Though not every paragraph must contain a clear topic sentence, it’s a good idea if beginning writers practice organizing their thoughts by placing topic sentences at the beginning of each paragraph. 

What is a topic sentence?  Topic sentences are exactly what they sound like—sentences that announce and summarize a topic for your reader. 

But I thought that’s what a thesis statement was for…?  Thesis statements let the reader know what the purpose of your entire essay will be—they focus on your main idea.  On the other hand, topic sentences let the reader know what will be discussed in a particular paragraph or section of your essay.

Here’s an example to illustrate the difference between the two:

Thesis Statement:  The important link between Civil Rights era music and today’s conception of the R & B genre has been overlooked in today’s music history courses.

Topic Sentence:  The Music History curriculum at top music colleges and universities such as Berkeley, Cornell, and Columbia do not offer courses that focus on the R & B genre.

Notice the key differences between the two types of sentences:  the thesis statement tells us what idea the whole paper will prove or discuss, while the topic sentence is a sub-section of that thesis.  The topic sentence provides us with one reason why readers should agree that music history programs are overlooking an important part of music’s development over the years. 


Let's say you intend to argue that music history courses shouldn’t forget about the musical developments that occurred during the Civil Rights era in the U.S., especially when they discuss R & B music. 

Then, imagine that you’ve developed a list of reasons why others should agree with you. Don’t worry about researching the topic if you don’t know much about this type of music!  Remember, the topic sentence simply introduces the information—the facts and details wouldn’t be explained until later in the paragraph. 

  • Use of anger/outrage in lyrics 
  • Use of subtext/hidden meanings
  • Artists who gained popularity during this time period

Sample Topic Sentences for the Following Thesis Statement:

Thesis Statement:  The important link between Civil Rights era music and today’s conception of the R & B genre has been overlooked in today’s music history courses.

Topic: Use of anger/outrage in lyrics
Sample Topic Sentence: The turmoil of the Civil Rights era led popular musical artists and lyricists to incorporate explosive and highly personal lyrics into their songs, very much like the explicit lyrics we’ve come to expect from Eminem and Kid Rock today.

Topic: Use of subtext/hidden meanings
Sample Topic Sentence: Music history classes discuss the various ways that music helps bring communities of people together; however, they often overlook the ways that the hidden meanings in songs like “The Backstabbers” by the O’Jays (1972) helped to maintain continued support of the Civil Rights Movement in the African American community.   

Topic: Artists who gained popularity during this time period
Sample Topic Sentence: Many of the influential artists whose work is discussed in music history classes—such as Bob Dylan, Mahalia Jackson, and Sam Cooke—first emerged from the Civil Rights Movement.

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